Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic skin disease, which is recurrent and painful. The appearance of mixture of boil-like lumps or nodules is very apparent. Once the nodules break, there will also be a significant scarring. Cases of Hidradenitis can also be infected by bacteria, hence causing more pain, inflammation, and infection to the skin.
People with Hidradenitis also have sterile abscesses and sinus tracts in the affected areas of the body. Cysts can also form such as epidermoid cysts, sebaceous cysts, and pilonidal cysts. These formations can be as small as a pea or can go as large a baseball. Since this skin disease is associated with parts of the body that have apocrine glands, lumps are usually formed in areas like the underarms, groin, breasts, and inner thighs.
How do you get Hidradenitis Suppurativa? Trigger factors
Hidradenitis suppurativa is basically an inflammation of apocrine glands. This gland is one type of sweat gland. There is no one reason that causes the occurrence of this condition. Blockage of the pores in the apocrine glands is said to be the biggest factor that causes the growth of boil-like lumps. The secretions are trapped in the pores, causing swelling and inflammation inside. This causes skin infection, as manifested by the lumps.
There are certain factors that trigger the occurrence of HS. This is a combination of hereditary, hormonal, and other factors that are highly driven by a person’s lifestyle.
• Hormonal. Hormones can play a role in the control of apocrine glands. Historical show that Hidradenitis suppurativa affects women more than men. This usually occurs after the puberty stage, or even after the menopausal stage. Also some women report the disease was in remission during pregnancy and breastfeeding period, only to resume afterwards.Hormonal treatments can also help in treating women with Hidradenitis suppurativa.
• Bacteria. Germs and bacteria can also aggravate the skin infection. They can either cause the infection or make it worse.
• Some cases of Hidradenitis that are found in the anus area can also be associated with Chron’s disease.
• Some cases are also associated with pilonidal sinus, which is a chronic abscess that can be found at the base of the spine. It can also be linked with acne.
• Lifestyle can also make the case of Hidradenitis suppurativa worse. Smoking and obesity are said to aggravate the condition, but they are not the primary causes. Patients are advised to quit smoking and to live a healthy lifestyle and addopt an auto immune diet to make sure that the body gets the nutrients it needs for its healing.
Common misconceptions and beliefs include that Hidradenitis suppurativa is caused by poor hygiene. Although this is not a good practice, it does not directly cause this certain type of skin infection.
Hidradenitis can also be hereditary, and can be present in genetical make-up of some families, but it is not true to all cases.